Stability Of A Charged Torus
Charged Ring Model
for the electron and proton is based
on a toroidal shape for the electric charge distribution.
Although it has been shown that such a shape can be in
equilibrium, it has not been shown to be stable.
Clint Seward of Electron Power, Inc.
has discovered that electron spiral torus is stable without
an external magnetic field. He has several patents which I list below.
Clint Seward: "Low-Cost Space Transportation Using
Electron Spiral Toroid (EST)Porpulsion"
Seward: "Energy storage device having a plurality of single
charged particles and a charge neutralizer", USA Patent Number 6,140,752
Seward: "Fixed Geometry Plasma and Generator", USA Patent Number 5,175,466
Seward: "Energy Storage System", USA Patent Number 5,589,727
Seward: "Electron Spiral Toroid", USA Patent Number 5,773,919